Phoenix Arizona History
The land which Phoenix now sits on was used by the Native American Hohokam tribe to grow crops and manage livestock, having settled in the area more than 2,000 years ago. In order to help with the water management they built a number of canals which are still used to this day, including the Arizona Canal. During this period the tribes came and went due to variations in the climate; moving away during droughts, and returning once the rain had come back.
In 1848 the end of the Mexican-American War saw the northern parts of Mexico become land owned by the US, and Arizona was part of this agreement. The land was then involved in the American Civil War, however, although the two armies were both based in the state, with the Confederates using Tucson as the capital city, it never actually seen any bloodshed between them, as there was nothing worth fighting over as the area was just desert.
The city first appeared when Jack Swilling moved to the area looking for ways to make money, and decided that the location around White Tank Mountain was good enough for agriculture. He rebuilt the Native American canals and added a few of his own to ensure there was a constant water supply. A small town then appeared not far from where Phoenix is now called Pumpkinville; the name was based on the fact that the main agriculture in the area was pumpkins. The region then went through a number of name changes before settling on East Phoenix.
Phoenix AZ photos coming soon.